Health and Wellbeing in Brent: An Overview
This report provides an overview of health and wellbeing in Brent looking at both outcomes and wider determinants. It pulls together a range of measures, with the purpose of prompting discussions about local challenges and successes around health and wellbeing across the lifespan.
Brent has a total population of 324,000 residents. 23.2% of the population are aged under 18, and 11.3% of the population are aged 65 or over. 63.7% of the population are from a black or minority ethnic (BME) population, and 82.2% of the population described themselves as non white UK (i.e. not white British, English, Northern Irish, Scottish, or Welsh) at the last Census (2011). This compares to a BME population of 14.6% and a non white UK population of 20.3% for England as a whole. 8.0% of the population report that they cannot speak English well or at all.
The Indices of Deprivation (IMD, 2015) combine a range of economic, social and housing indicators to provide a measure of relative deprivation, i.e. they measure the position of areas against each other within different domains. A rank of 1 indicates highest deprivation. Brent is ranked 55 out of 152 Local Authorities in England on overall deprivation and is ranked 41 out of 152 local authorities on income deprivation.
13.0% of pupils attending nursery and primary schools and 12.5% of pupils attending secondary school in Brent are eligible for and claiming free school meals. This compares with 14.5% of pupils attending nursery and primary schools and 13.2% of pupils attending secondary school for England as a whole.
56.5% of children in Brent achieved 5 or more GCSEs at grades A* to C in 2014/15 including English and Maths. This compares with 57.7% for England. Among pupils eligible for free school meals, 48.5% achieved 5 or more GCSEs at grades A* to C including English and Maths in 2013/14, compared to 33.3% nationally. 8.2% of working age people in Brent are unemployed, compared with 5.1% for England overall. The median gross weekly wage for employees living in Brent is £550.0. This compares with an England wage of £544.7.
The life expectancy at birth in Brent (2012-14) is 79.9 years for males and 84.9 years for females. This compares with 79.5 years for males and 83.1 years for females for England overall. At the last Census (2011) 5.3% of residents in Brent reported their health as poor or very poor, and 14.4% reported a long term illness or disability that impacts on their day to day activities. People in Brent can expect a healthy life expectancy of 64.2 years for males and 65.3 years for females (2011-13). This compares with 63.4 years for males and 64.1 years for females nationally. The standardised mortality rate for deaths from all causes under 75 is 94.8. For comparison, the standardised mortality rate for England is 100 (2008-2012).
In 2012, 59.2% of adults in Brent were reported as obese or overweight. This compares to 64.8% for England as a whole. 18.8% of adults in Brent report that they take part in sport and active recreation for an equivalent of 30 minutes three times per week. In 2013/14, 62.38% of the eligible population aged 40-74 in Brent were offered an NHS Health Check, and 34.02% received one. This compares to 56.44% and 27.42% respectively for England overall. 8.04% of people in Brent have a recorded diagnosis of diabetes, which compares to a national average of 6.37%. In 2014/15 21.29% of children aged 4-5 years and 39.80% of children aged 10-11 whose weight was recorded were reported as obese or overweight. This compares with 22.14% of children aged 4-5 years and 34.17% of children aged 10-11 for England as a whole.
A more in-depth view of the local population and wider determinants of health in Brent can be found here.
This report has been designed for viewing at single tier and county local authority geography. The following charts show a range of measures of health and wellbeing for Brent compared with either England or the average across all English single tier and county councils, and also with your chosen comparison group. You can select your chosen single tier or county authority and comparison group, such as all local authorities in the South East, using the boxes above (start typing in 'South East' and it will appear in the search box).
Topics included in this report are:
- Healthy life expectancy
- Older people's health and wellbeing
- Causes of death and ill health
- Healthy living
- Children's health and wellbeing